If Chinese entrepreneurship is fake or illusory - then what explains the fact that Chinese goods have taken quality conscious western markets by storm? To understand this phenomenon, you must take a closer look at the stuff that sits on the shelves of Western malls: they may be made in China by they are produced by foreign companies. To put it a bit more starkly, China offered labour arbitrage to foreign capital. An obvious fallout of this 'outsourced' workshop model is that China has become a giant sub-contractor, but is yet to make its mark in the world of ideas and brands.
A Chinese phrase catching rapid currency is guojin mintui, - it means 'the state advances and private sector retreats'. There has always been plenty of evidence of China discriminating against private entrepreneurial talent in favour of large state - or foreign-owned enterprises. There were several instances of private firms trapped in title disputes whose assets were seized. Today, the Chinese media is full of stories about the 'second wave of nationalization', as stimulus-cash-fattened state enterprises gobble up fast-expanding private companies.
Marshall Meyer in Knowledge@Wharton believes that the 'government will always remain in control of the 100 largest firms in China', giving it direct ownership of nearly 50 per cent of GDP. Eight out of ten largest listed companies in China are state-owned. In India, nearly half of the ten largest listed companies are in private hands. India has not launched a single new public sector company in the last two decades. In fact, a few among the older public sector companies have been privatized, while the government is reducing its stake in all others. So China has created huge, state-owned monopolies, while India is unraveling knotty socialist behemoths.